How to Prepare Body Weight for Healthy Pregnancy

Pre Pregnancy and Post Pregnancy Complications due to Obesity

EFFECTS OF MATERNAL OBESITY

FOR THE MOTHER

1. FERTILITY
2. RISK OF MISCARRIAGE
3. RISK OF GESTATIONAL DIABETES
4. RISK OF PERINATAL COMPLICATIONS

EFFECTS OF MATERNAL OBESITY

FOR THE FETUS

1. RISK OF STILLBIRTH
2. RISK OF METABOLIC ABNORMALITIES
3. RISK OF DEVELOPMENTAL ABNORMALITIES

EFFECTS OF MATERNAL OBESITY

FOR THE OFFSPRING

1. RISK OF OBESITY
2. RISK OF DIABETES
3. RISK OF HYPERTENSION
(HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE)

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With the current worldwide obesity epidemic pregnancies complicated by obesity are becoming more and more prevalent.

Now, obesity is the most common complication that healthcare providers must manage during the prenatal period.

Worldwide rates of obesity have increased alarmingly over the last 40 years.

With a general increase in overweight and obesity, physicians are also seeing an increase in the number of women who become pregnant with overweight and obesity.

Current estimates suggest that the number of women with overweight and obesity at the start of pregnancy lies around 50%.

Unfortunately, many people are unaware that an unhealthy body mass index or BMI during pregnancy can put both the mother and the child at risk of increased complications, these complications, result in increased morbidity and mortality and can have severe long-term consequences for both maternal and child health, though.

How to Future Mother and Father Prepared for Healthy Pregnancy Before Conception

Obesity was considered an issue, mostly for people in high-income countries but nowadays also seen in low and medium countries.

And now low-income countries are beginning to experience a rapid increase in the prevalence of obesity.

Most of the adverse outcomes of obesity in pregnancy show strong associations with a BMI before pregnancy to pre-pregnancy BMI.

For all women of childbearing age, a healthy BMI lies between 18.5 and 24.9, kilograms per meter square.

The body mass index or BMI is a simple marker for weight for height and is commonly used to classify overweight and obesity.

Obesity is defined by the World Health Organization as a BMI, greater than or equal to 30 kilograms per meter square.

Overweight is defined as a BMI greater than or equal to 25, kilograms per meter square.

Approaching a normal body weight already before conception through beneficial lifestyle changes in terms of diet and physical activity can markedly minimize the risk of unhealthy pregnancy outcomes, both for the mother and the child.

Another key factor that promotes unfavourable pregnancy outcomes in both mother and child is excessive gestational weight gain.

It is often interrelated with an unhealthy diet and insufficient physical activity levels.

Although being the most effective window for lifestyle changes, conducting intervention that favours weight loss in our overweight and obese women of reproductive age, before pregnancy remains truly challenging.

Additionally, Pregnancy itself is an ideal opportunity for the introduction of lifestyle changes as pregnant women are often highly motivated to follow recommendations that improve health.

When a mother has a BMI of over 38 she’s clinically obese. We know there are several risks to her and her baby so as far as she’s concerned.

She’s more likely to get gestational diabetes. She’s more likely to develop preeclampsia.

She’s more likely to have a cesarean section than a mother who is not obese. And she’s more likely to have a postpartum haemorrhage for the baby.

On the other hand, the baby is more likely to be stillborn.

The baby might be too big. And that is called microsomia and then all the problems are about delivery for the mother, which is why the mother often ends up cesarean section. And the baby can have problems postpartum in that it might have hypoglycemia and it might have to be hospitalized.

So there are lots of issues, both for the mother and the baby.

Health care providers should offer concrete tools and support for weight loss including information-specific nutrition advice and physical activity counselling. Ideally, consultation with nutritionists, or weight reduction specialists should be offered to all women who wish to lose weight, before conception.

In this way, women can be encouraged to develop long-term healthy lifestyle choices, which support healthy mothers, healthy pregnancy, and healthy children.

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